Education in Canada
Canada is a federation of ten provinces and three territories. Under the Canadian constitution, provincial governments have exclusive responsibility of all levels of education. Canada is one of the world’s top education performers.
At the post-secondary level, Canada offers a range of education institutions:
Canada has a large selection of universities located in both urban and rural settings in every region of the country. Canadian universities are largely publicly funded; as a result they are of a consistently high quality, regardless of location or area of study. The universities are internationally known for the quality of teaching and research.
University colleges combine Canadian university and college traditions, with a strong base of applied and academic programs offered in campus environments. University colleges offer students a wide range of program choices of either academically-oriented university degree programs or the more practically-oriented college diplomas and certificates.
Community colleges have the primary function of responding to the training needs of business, industry and the public service sectors. They also meet the educational needs of vocationally-oriented secondary school graduates, employment-seeking university graduates, as well as the lifelong learning requirements of the adult population. They offer professional programs of 1 to 3 years (often including a work term) that are highly applicable in the job market.
Career Colleges and Technical Institutes
Career Colleges and Technical Institutes are privately owned institutions that offer training programs that provide students with practical skills for the job market after a short period of instruction. These institutions are provincially approved and regulated, ensuring that program standards and quality are maintained.
Students seeking short-term training programs in multimedia, film studies, computer/internet studies, graphic design and hospitality and the like apply to career colleges. The emphasis at these institutions is on practical skills and some may specialize in specific areas such as business, computers and accounting skills.
Type of qualifications
This is a post senior secondary qualification awarded on successful completion of a program which is usually one year in duration. These programs are typically offered by colleges.
This is a post senior secondary qualification awarded on successful completion of a program which is usually one to two years in duration. These programs are typically offered by colleges.
This undergraduate program is a post senior secondary qualification awarded on successful completion of three to four years of study. These programs are typically offered by universities and lead to graduate level studies.
Bachelor degree (Honors)
This undergraduate program comprises a higher degree of concentration in the honors subject, as well as a higher level of academic achievement. At some universities, an honors degree may require an additional year of study.
This graduate program is awarded on successful completion of two years of study. These programs Masters in Canada are offered by universities and could comprise a combination of coursework and research.
Doctorate or Ph.D.
This graduate program is the highest qualification awarded on successful completion of four to seven years of study. The program comprises some coursework, but primarily assessed on original research and thesis submitted.
The academic year
The academic year usually starts in September and ends in May. Each academic year normally comprises two semesters, the second semester commences in January. Some institutions have a trimester system which comprise three semesters in an academic year and therefore offer multiple intakes in January and May. A limited number of specialized programs are offered in the summer session that commences in May.
Why study in Canada
Studying in Canada would be a beautiful experience for anyone, literally, since Canada is ranked as the BEST PLACE in the world to LIVE. Because of its access to education, high life expectancy and low crime rates, Canada is a very attractive destination for students through out the world.
What is the official language?
Canada is a bilingual country with two official languages - English and French. Most of the French-speaking inhabitants live in Quebec. However, almost all non-Quebec based universities offer education instruction in English only.
What is Student Partners Program?
The Student Partners Program (SPP) is an administrative framework designed and implemented in partnership between the Canadian visa offices in India and the Association of Canadian Community Colleges (ACCC). The SPP was launched in April 2009 as a pilot to improve student recruitment outcomes. Due to the improvement achieved during the pilot, the program is being extended and expanded in 2010.
What is the IELTS requirement?
It differs from institution to institution but the minimum requirement is 6.0 and not less than 5.0 in each individual band.
What is the academic entry requirement?
It differs from institution to institution but the minimum is 50%
What are the intakes?
There are majorly 2 intakes September and Jan.
What type of institutions are their?
There are more than 175 post-secondary institutions that offer various programs such as Certificate, Diploma and Bachelor's, including vocational and adult-education. These institutions are known as Community colleges, Technical Institute, University College and Universities. All these colleges are members of the Association of Canadian Community colleges.
What is the duration of the program offered?
Undergraduate programs are of 4 years duration, except in Ontario, where there is three-year Bachelor degrees and three-year Master's degrees. In the other parts of Canada, post-graduate programs (Master's) are of two years duration.
What is the currency used and INR equivalent?
Canadian Dollar 1CAD$ is equivalent to Rs.45 approximately.
What is the living expense?
Canada would be between CAN $ 8,000-12,000, depending upon the location of their residence
What type of accommodation is available for the students?
Students have a number of options available that can be on-campus or off-campus such as hostels, rented housing, home stay etc.
Can student go for a part time job?
Yes but only after 6 months of studies with the permission of the institution.
What are the job opportunities?
Students are allowed to work only on campus. Though they can work off campus if are enrolled in co-op program.
Can I take my spouse along?
Spouse can accompany on visitor visa.
Can I take my children as a dependent?
Yes, can join on visitor visa later on.
Is 15 years education is acceptable in Canada?
Canada follows 16 years of education so if a student wishes to enroll for Masters he/she has to do one year Post graduate diploma.
Do I have to go under any Medical Test?
Yes at the time of visa application.
Do I have to get a Police Verification Certificate?
It depends on the institution. Some of the courses like Early Childhood, Nursing program there is requirement of Police Verification Certificate
Is there any application fee?
Yes, it varies between CAD$ 50-250. Some of the institutions do not charge admission fee.
Do I have to pay fee before the visa?
Yes at least first semester fee is to be paid before the visa.
What is the range of the course fee for UG and PG?
Its between 11000 to 16000 on an average. Canadian education costs are relatively cheaper than US and other countries - by at least 30%. Coupled with its low cost of living, Canada is one of the best destinations for international students.