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MAKS BELA YOUNG LEARNERS TRAINING

MAKS BELA believes that children and teenagers achieve their best when stimulated and challenged. Our English courses are integrated and designed to encourage your child to learn new things and practise what they have learnt during their study experience. On a MAKS BELA Young learner’s course, your child will grow in confidence. They will improve their English language skills, develop essential life skills such as leadership and teamwork, and make lifelong friends from around the world.

Cambridge English: Young Learners (YLE)

Cambridge English: Young Learners, also known as Young Learners English Tests (YLE), is a suite of English language examinations specially designed for children in primary and lower-secondary school. The tests are provided by Cambridge English Language Assessment (previously known as University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations).

The suite includes three qualifications, each targeted at a different level of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). Cambridge English: Starters (YLE Starters) is targeted at pre-A1 Level, Cambridge English: Movers (YLE Movers) at CEFR Level A1, and Cambridge English: Flyers (YLE Flyers) at CEFR Level A2.

Cambridge English: Young Learners leads on to other Cambridge English examinations designed for school-aged learners, including Cambridge English: Key (KET) for Schools at CEFR Level A2, Cambridge English: Preliminary (PET) for Schools at CEFR Level B1, Cambridge English: First (FCE) for Schools at CEFR Level B2 and Cambridge English: Advanced (CAE) at CEFR Level C1. Cambridge English: Flyers is roughly equivalent to Cambridge English: Key for Schools in terms of difficulty, but the words and contexts covered in Cambridge English: Flyers are suitable for younger children.

Cambridge English: Starters

Paper 1. Listening (20 minutes)

The Listening paper has four parts and 20 questions in total. Each part begins with one or two examples. The children will hear each recording twice.

Part 1 has a big picture and pictures of seven small objects. Children listen to five short conversations between a man and a woman. Children listen to information in the conversations and draw a line from each of the objects to the place where it should be on the big picture. Part 1 tests listening for words and prepositions.

Part 2 has a set of questions and a short conversation between a child and an adult. Children listen to information in the conversation to answer each of the questions. The answer will be a name or a number. Part 2 tests listening for numbers and spelling.

Part 3 has five short conversations between different pairs of people. There is a question and three pictures for each conversation. Children listen to each conversation and choose the right picture (A, B or C). Part 3 tests listening for specific information.

Part 4 has a big picture with seven examples of the same object (e.g. seven balls, seven books). Children listen to a conversation between an adult and a child and colour in each object using the colour mentioned in the conversation. Part 4 tests listening for words, colours and prepositions.

Paper 2. Reading and Writing (20 minutes)

The Reading and Writing paper has five parts and 25 questions in total. Each part begins with one or two examples. Children must spell their answers correctly in all parts of the test.

Part 1 has five pictures of objects. There is a sentence underneath each picture, e.g. ‘This is a ball.’ If the sentence is true, children should put a tick next to the picture. If the sentence is false, children should put a cross next to the picture. Part 1 tests reading short sentences and recognising words.

Part 2 has a big picture and some sentences about the picture. If the sentence is true, children should write ‘yes’. If the sentence is false, children should write ‘no’. Part 2 tests reading short sentences and writing one-word answers.

Part 3 has five pictures of objects. Children have to find the right word for the object. After each picture there are some dashes (- - - -) that show how many letters are in the word. There are also some jumbled letters (e.g. B O K O). Children have to put the jumbled letters in the right order to make the word (e.g. BOOK). Part 3 tests spelling simple words.

Part 4 has a text with some missing words (gaps). Below the text there is a box with some pictures and some words. Children have to choose the right word from the box and copy it into the right gap. Part 4 tests reading a text and writing missing words (nouns).

Part 5 has three pictures, which tell a story. Each picture has one or two questions. Children answer each question based on what they can see in the pictures. They only have to write one word for each answer. Part 5 tests reading questions and writing one-word answers.

Paper 3. Speaking (3 to 5 minutes)

The Speaking test has five parts. In the computer-based test, the learner responds to audio and visual prompts, and will answer a few warm up questions to get them used to interacting with an animated character. In the paper-based test the learner takes the test with an examiner.

(Someone they know will introduce them to the examiner and explain what is going to happen in their own language.)

In Part 1 the examiner greets the child, asks them their name and asks them to point to things in a big picture. Part 1 tests understanding and following spoken instructions.

In Part 2 the examiner shows the child small pictures of some objects. The examiner names three objects and asks the child to point to them. The examiner then asks the child to put each object card somewhere on the big picture used in Part 1 (e.g. ‘Put the ball under the tree’). Part 2 tests understanding and following spoken instructions.

In Part 3 the examiner asks the child some questions about the big picture used in Part 1 (e.g. ‘What is this?’ ‘What colour is the …?’). Part 3 tests understanding and answering spoken questions.

In Part 4 the examiner asks the child some questions about the small pictures of objects used in Part 2 (e.g. ‘What is this?’). Part 4 tests understanding and answering spoken questions.

In Part 5 the examiner asks the child some questions about themselves (e.g. their age, family, friends). Part 5 tests understanding and responding to personal questions.

Cambridge English: Movers

Paper 1. Listening (25 minutes)

The Listening paper has five parts and 25 questions in total. Each part begins with one or two examples. The children will hear each recording twice.

Part 1 has a big picture. The picture shows people doing different things. Above and below the picture are some names. Children listen carefully to a conversation between an adult and a child. They draw a line from each name to the correct person in the big picture. Part 1 tests listening for names and descriptions.

Part 2 has a short conversation between two people. There is a form or notebook page with some missing words (gaps). Children listen to the information in the recording and fill in each gap. The answer might be a word or a number. Part 2 tests listening for names, spellings and other information.

Part 3 has a conversation between an adult and a child. In the conversation the child talks about what they did on different days of the week. Children listen to the information in the recording and draw a line from the day of the week to the picture which shows what the child did on that day. Part 3 tests listening for specific information (past tense).

Part 4 has five short conversations. There is a question and three pictures for each conversation. Children listen to each conversation and choose the right picture (A, B or C). Part 3 tests listening for specific information.

Part 5 has a big picture which shows different objects. Children listen to a conversation between an adult and a child. The adult asks the child to colour in different objects in the picture and to write a simple word or draw an object. Children have to follow the instructions given in the recording. Part 5 tests listening for words, colours and specific information.

Paper 2. Reading and Writing (30 minutes)

The Reading and Writing paper has six sections and 40 questions in total. Each part begins with one or two examples. Children must spell their answers correctly in all parts of the test.

Part 1 has eight pictures of things, with the English word under them. On the right-hand side there are six definitions. Children choose which picture matches each definition and copy the correct word underneath the definition. Part 1 tests reading short sentences, matching to words and copying words.

Part 2 has a big picture and six sentences about the picture. If the sentence is true, children should write ‘yes’. If the sentence is false, children should write ‘no’. Part 2 tests reading sentences and writing one-word answers.

Part 3 has a short conversation between two people. Everything the first speaker says is printed on the question paper, with gaps for the second speaker’s answers. Children decide what the second speaker says, choosing from three options (A, B or C). Part 3 tests reading a conversation and choosing correct responses.

Part 4 has a text with some missing words (gaps). Next to the text are some small pictures and words. Children decide which word goes in each gap and copy the word in the gap. In the last question, children choose the best title for the text from a choice of three possible titles. Part 4 tests reading for specific information and gist and copying words.

Part 5 has three pictures which tell a story. After each picture/part of the story, children complete sentences about the story using one, two or three words. Part 5 tests reading a story and completing sentences.

Part 6 has a text with some missing words (gaps). For each gap there is a choice of three possible answers. Children decide which answer is correct and copy the word into the gap. Part 6 tests reading and understanding a factual text, simple grammar and copying words.

Paper 3. Speaking (5 to 7 minutes)

The Speaking test has four parts. In the computer-based test the learner responds to audio and visual prompts, and will answer a few warm up questions to get them used to interacting with an animated character. In the paper-based test the learner takes the test with an examiner.

(Someone they know will introduce them to the examiner and explain what is going to happen in their own language.)

In Part 1 the examiner greets the child and asks them their name. Then they look at two pictures, which are similar but have some differences. The examiner asks the child to describe four differences in the pictures. Part 1 tests describing differences, talking about colour, size, number, position, how people or things look, what people are doing, etc.

In Part 2 the examiner shows four pictures which tell a story, and tells the child about the first picture. The child has to continue the story and describe the other three pictures. Part 2 tests understanding the beginning of a story, continuing a story and describing pictures.

In Part 3 the examiner shows the child four sets of four pictures. In each set one picture is different from the other three. The child has to say which picture is different and explain why. Part 3 tests explaining reasons.

In Part 4 the examiner asks the child some questions about themselves (e.g. school, weekends, friends, and hobbies). Part 4 tests understanding and responding to personal questions.

Cambridge English: Flyers

Paper 1. Listening (25 minutes)

The Listening paper has five parts and 25 questions in total. Each part begins with one or two examples. The children will hear each recording twice.

Part 1 has a big picture. The picture shows people doing different things. Above and below the picture are some names. Children listen carefully to a conversation between an adult and a child. They draw a line from each name to the correct person in the big picture. Part 1 tests listening for names and descriptions.

Part 2 has a short conversation between two people. There is a form or notebook page with some missing words (gaps). Children listen to the information in the recording and fill in each gap. The answer might be a word or a number. Part 2 tests listening for names, spellings and other information.

Part 3 has two sets of pictures. On the left are pictures of some people and their names (or named places / objects). On the right are pictures with letters, but no words. Children listen to a conversation between two people and match each of the pictures on the right to one of the pictures on the left. Part 3 tests listening for words, names and detailed information.

Part 4 has five short conversations. There is a question and three pictures for each conversation. Children listen to each conversation and choose the right picture (A, B or C). Part 3 tests listening for specific information.

Part 5 has a big picture which shows different objects. Children listen to a conversation between an adult and a child. Children then colour in objects in the picture using the colour they hear in the conversation. Children also have to draw and colour a simple object somewhere on the big picture. Part 5 tests listening for words, colours and specific information.

Paper 2. Reading and Writing (40 minutes)

The Reading and Writing paper has seven sections and 50 questions in total. Each part begins with one or two examples. Children must spell their answers correctly in all parts of the test.

Part 1 has 15 words and 10 definitions. Children write the correct word next to each definition. Part 1 tests reading short sentences, matching to words and copying words.

Part 2 has a big picture and seven sentences about the picture. If the sentence is true, children should write ‘yes’. If the sentence is false, children should write ‘no’. Part 2 tests reading sentences and writing one-word answers.

Part 3 has a short conversation between two people. Everything the first speaker says is printed on the question paper, with gaps for the second speaker’s answers. Children decide what the second speaker says, choosing from a list of options (A to H). Part 3 tests reading a

conversation and choosing correct responses.

Part 4 has a text with some missing words (gaps). The missing words may be nouns, adjectives or verbs. Next to the text is a box with words in it. Children decide which word goes in each gap and copy the word in the gap. In the last question, children choose the best title for the text from a choice of three possible titles. Part 4 tests reading for specific information and gist and copying words.

Part 5 has a complete story and seven sentences about the story. Each of the seven sentences has a gap. Children complete the sentences about the story using one, two, three or four words. Part 5 tests reading a story and completing sentences.

Part 6 has a text with some missing words (gaps). For each gap there is a choice of three possible answers. Children decide which answer is correct and copy the word into the gap. Part 6 tests reading and understanding a factual text, simple grammar and copying words.

Part 7 has a text from a letter or diary. There are five gaps in the text. Children have to write the missing word in each gap. There is no list of words to choose from. Part 7 tests reading and understanding a short text and supplying correct words.

Paper 3. Speaking (7 to 9 minutes)

The Speaking test has four parts. In the computer-based test, the learner responds to audio and visual prompts, and will answer a few warm up questions to get them used to interacting with an animated character. In the paper-based test the learner takes the test with an examiner.

(Someone they know will introduce them to the examiner and explain what is going to happen in their own language.)

In Part 1 the examiner greets the child and asks them their name. The examiner gives the child a picture. The examiner keeps another picture, which is similar but has some differences. The examiner reads some sentences about the picture they have and the child must look at their picture and say how it is different. Part 1 tests understanding differences, talking about colour, size, number, position, how people or things look, what people are doing, etc.

In Part 2 the child and the examiner each have two similar pictures (e.g. two different classrooms). The examiner has information about one of the pictures. The child has information about the other pictures. The examiner asks the child questions about one picture. Then the child asks similar questions about the other picture. Part 2 tests answering questions with short answers and asking questions to get information.

In Part 3 the examiner shows five pictures which tell a story, and tells the child about the first picture. The child has to continue the story and describe the other four pictures. Part 3 tests understanding the beginning of a story, continuing a story and describing pictures.

In Part 4 the examiner asks the child some questions about themselves (e.g. school, family, birthday, hobbies or holidays). Part 4 tests understanding and responding to personal questions.

Scoring

Sample Cambridge English: Young Learners certificates

All candidates receive a certificate. There is no pass or fail.

Results are reported using shields as an indication of how well the candidate has done in each paper (Reading and Writing paper, Listening paper, and speaking paper). The certificate shows how many shields the candidate has received for each paper, with a maximum of five shields available for each paper and 15 shields available in total. A result of one shield (out of five) for a test paper means a child can improve a lot in that skill. A result of five shields (out of five) for a test paper means a child did very well in that skill and answered most questions correctly.

Children who achieve a total of 10 to 11 shields or above are ready to start preparing for the next exam level.

Timing and results

Candidates take all their test papers within a period of five days, with the Listening paper always taken before the Reading and Writing paper.

All candidates receive a certificate. Candidates receive their certificate three to four weeks after the test or earlier.

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